Israel's New Covenant
In Jeremiah 31 it says,
“31 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will
make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of
32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the
day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt;
which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith
33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of
Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their
inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and
they shall be my people.
34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man
his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from
the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will
forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.”
This prophecy of Jeremiah tells us about a new covenant that the Lord
is going to give unto the nation of Israel. Please notice again in verse
“31 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will
make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of
Question: Who is the Lord going to make this covenant with? He is going
to make it with the house of Israel and the house of Judah, he is going
to make it with the Jews which are also called the circumcision, the
Israelites, the Hebrews.
Question: Is he going to make this new covenant for the entire world?
Is he going to make this new covenant with the uncircumcised Gentiles?
This new covenant is for Israel.
Now the main benefit of this new covenant is listed in verse 34 which
“…: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will
remember their sin no more.”
This covenant is about Israel receiving the permanent forgiveness of
their sin and the Lord not remembering their sin any more. It is an
everlasting covenant. If he were to remember their sin again, then it
would not be an everlasting covenant.
In Isaiah 46 it says,
“12 Hearken unto me ye stouthearted, that are far from
13 I bring near my righteousness; and it shall not be far off, and my
salvation shall not tarry: and I will place salvation in Zion for Israel
Question: Where is the Lord going to place salvation and who will it
In Zion FOR ISRAEL.
Question: Does it say, “I will place salvation in Zion for the
whole world?” No. Is he going to place it for the uncircumcised
He very specifically says it will be for Israel.
In Malachi 3 it says,
“1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare
the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to
his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in:
behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.”
Jesus quotes this verse and refers it to John the Baptist. In Matthew
11 it says,
“8 But what went ye out for to see? A man clothed in soft
raiment? behold, they that wear soft clothing are in kings' houses.
9 But what went ye out for to see? A prophet? yea, I say unto you, and
more than a prophet.
10 For this is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger
before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.”
So from Malachi 3:1 and Matthew 11 we see that John is the messenger
of the new covenant. Jesus is not the messenger of the new covenant,
Jesus is the mediator of the new covenant, John is the messenger. In
Malachi 3:1 the Lord of hosts that is speaking is Jesus Christ, and
the messenger that is to come before him is John the Baptist.
Regardless of who you feel is the messenger of the new covenant, the
point is, the new covenant is now being offered to Israel when John
comes on the scene.
In Luke 16 it says,
“16 The law and the prophets were until John: since that
time the kingdom of God is preached, and every man presseth into it.”
Since the time John came on the scene the kingdom is preached. John
was preaching about 6 months before the Lord was. John is the messenger
of the new covenant.
Once again, this new covenant has to do with Israel getting the forgiveness
of their sin and God not remembering their sin anymore. In Luke 21 it
“27 And then shall they see the Son of man coming in a
cloud with power and great glory.
28 And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift
up your heads; for your redemption draweth nigh.”
When did the Lord say that they would get their redemption? When he
comes back in a cloud and great glory. This is the second coming of
Christ. This is when Israel will get their new covenant.
In Acts 3 Peter is preaching the gospel of the kingdom and he says,
“19 Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins
may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the
presence of the Lord;
20 And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you:
21 Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all
things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets
since the world began.”
When will Israel get their sins blotted out? When the Lord comes back.
This is the new covenant.
In Romans 11 Paul says,
“25 For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant
of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness
in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be
26 And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come
out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:
27 For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.”
When will Israel get their sins taken away? When the Deliverer shall
roar out of Zion. Once again this is the second coming and is when Israel
will receive their new covenant.
In Daniel 9 it says,
“24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon
thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins,
and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting
righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint
the most Holy.”
When will this happen? At the end of the seventieth week. This is when
the Lord will finish the transgression and make an end of sins and make
reconciliation for iniquity and bring in everlasting righteousness.
Once again, this is Israel’s new covenant.
In Hebrews 9 it says,
“28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many;
and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without
sin unto salvation.”
When will the Hebrews receive their salvation? At the second coming
In 1st Peter 1 it says,
“4 To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and
that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,
5 Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready
to be revealed in the last time.
10 Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently,
who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you:
13 Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the
end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of
When will the Jews receive their salvation and their grace? When Jesus
Christ is revealed from heaven at the second coming.
There are many verses that tell us that the new covenant is at the second
coming of Christ. This is when Israel will receive the permanent forgiveness
of their sins and God will remember their sin no more.
This new covenant was prophesied by Jeremiah and offered unto Israel
by John the Baptist, Jesus Christ and the Apostles.
In Matthew 10 it says,
“5 These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them,
saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the
Samaritans enter ye not:
6 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.”
Question: Why did Jesus tell the apostles not to go to the Gentiles?
It was because they were offering the new covenant unto Israel. The
new covenant was made for Israel, not the uncircumcised Gentiles. The
uncircumcised Gentiles were strangers from the covenants of promise.
In John 4, Jesus talked to a Gentile woman and told her,
“22 Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship:
for salvation is of the Jews.”
Why did Jesus tell her that salvation was of the Jews? Because when
Isaiah was alive Jesus told him to write,
“…I will place salvation in Zion for Israel my glory.”
So what we have here is the new covenant being offered unto the nation
of Israel. This is the salvation that the Lord promised them. The new
covenant was not promised to uncircumcised Gentiles, never was, never
Let’s go ahead and look at this time
chart. This chart shows us in orange when John the Baptist came
and began to preach the kingdom which when Israel will receive the new
covenant. Jesus and the apostles followed suit and this new covenant
was to be offered unto Israel all the way to the end of the 70th week
of Daniel’s prophecy.
In blue we have the new covenant church (or kingdom church if you prefer)
this new covenant church is for Jews only, it does not include uncircumcised
Gentiles, for they are strangers from the covenants of promise. The
purple area shows the uncircumcised Gentiles. We have this church beginning
at Acts 2 or the cross whichever you prefer. As long as you see it did
start, the exact pinpoint of time is not crucial for this study.
In the lower center in pink we see the everlasting covenant of circumcision,
which separates the circumcision from the uncircumcision. God made this
separation in Genesis 17. This is part of the middle wall of partition.
Check out this article for
more info on the covenant of circumcision.
The chart also shows the second coming of Christ and Israel’s
new covenant is given at this time.
On this chart the 69th and 70th weeks of Daniel are not separated by
the dispensation of grace to show how things are supposed to line up.
This is God offering the new covenant unto the nation of Israel.
On this next chart,
we can see the separation of the 69th and 70th weeks of Daniel by the
dispensation of grace given unto the Gentiles. As you can see, the one
new man has been inserted into the church so that God could save the
Gentiles and join them with the Jews together in one body.
At the rapture, the one new man will be taken out of the way but the
new covenant church will proceed through the tribulation. This is not
a study on the rapture or the one new man but rather on the new covenant
and the new covenant church, so we won’t be going into those details
At the lower center of this chart we see the circumcision made without
hands. This was accomplished by the one new man.
Also you will notice in orange again, that the offering of the new covenant
has ceased. It has been replaced by the offering of the body of Christ
to Jew and Gentile during the dispensation of grace. This is a spiritual
new covenant rather than the new covenant of the letter. This will be
discussed in detail in another study.
During the tribulation, there will be some uncircumcised Gentiles that
bless Israel and they will be allowed into the kingdom but they will
not be partakers with Israel. At the second coming of Christ, the Lord
Jesus will separate the sheep from the goats. In Matthew 25 it says,
“31 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all
the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory:
32 And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate
them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats:
33 And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the
34 Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed
of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation
of the world:
35 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye
gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in:
36 Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in
prison, and ye came unto me.
37 Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee
an hungred, and fed thee? or thirsty, and gave thee drink?
38 When saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in? or naked, and clothed
39 Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee?
40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you,
Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren,
ye have done it unto me.
41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me,
ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:
42 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and
ye gave me no drink:
43 I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed me
not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not.
44 Then shall they also answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an
hungred, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison,
and did not minister unto thee?
45 Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch
as ye did it not to one of the least of these, ye did it not to me.
46 And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous
into life eternal.”
These Gentiles that bless Israel will be allowed into the kingdom but
they will not, I repeat, will not be partakers with Israel. When the
Lord comes back this is when Israel will receive their grace that was
promised them, but the Lord will rule over the nations with a rod of
iron. In Revelation 19 it says,
“15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with
it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of
iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty
Also when he gets back, the uncircumcised Gentiles that made it through
the tribulation will not be allowed into Jerusalem any more. In Isaiah
52 it says,
“1 Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy
beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there
shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.”
The uncircumcised Gentiles will not be able to go INTO Jerusalem, but
they will be forced to come UNTO Jerusalem to worship the King. In Zechariah
14 it says,
“16 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is
left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up
from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep
the feast of tabernacles.
17 And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of all the families
of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts,
even upon them shall be no rain.
18 And if the family of Egypt go not up, and come not, that have no
rain; there shall be the plague, wherewith the LORD will smite the heathen
that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.
19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt, and the punishment of all
nations that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.
20 In that day shall there be upon the bells of the horses, HOLINESS
UNTO THE LORD; and the pots in the LORD'S house shall be like the bowls
before the altar.
21 Yea, every pot in Jerusalem and in Judah shall be holiness unto the
LORD of hosts: and all they that sacrifice shall come and take of them,
and seethe therein: and in that day there shall be no more the Canaanite
in the house of the LORD of hosts.”
If they do not come unto Jerusalem to worship the King at the feast
of tabernacles the Lord will punish them with drought. Also in verse
21 it says that there shall be no more the Canaanite in the house of
Also as Israel is receiving their grace that they were promised, the
uncircumcised Gentiles will be receiving a law to follow from the Lord.
In Isaiah 42 it says,
“Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom
my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth
judgment to the Gentiles.
2 He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to be heard in
3 A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not
quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth.
4 He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in
the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.”
During the 1000 year reign of Christ, while Israel receives their grace,
the uncircumcised Gentiles that make it through the tribulation will
be ruled with a rod of iron, will not be allowed to go into Jerusalem,
will be forced to keep the feast of tabernacles or be punished, and
they will be under a law that will be given to them by the Lord.
The uncircumcised Gentiles will be under a law, and the Jews will be
under grace. The Jews will be the head and the Gentiles will be the
The uncircumcised Gentiles WILL NOT, I repeat, WILL NOT be partakers
with Israel. Just because God allows them into the kingdom does not
make them partakers with the nation of Israel nor does it remove the
everlasting covenant of circumcision.
Now at the end of the 1000 year reign God will make a new heaven and
a new earth. The everlasting covenants that he gave will still be in
effect such as the new covenant given to Israel and the covenant of
God himself will descend from Heaven with the New Jerusalem. Inside
the gates of the city will be a tree of life on each side of the river
of life. Israel will dwell in the city as will the body of Christ, but
there will be uncircumcised Gentiles outside of the city.
The fruit from the tree of life has something to do with allowing flesh
to live forever. Adam in his sinful state could have eaten from the
tree of life in the garden of Eden and lived forever. God had to kick
him out of the garden so he would die.
Even so, when God brings down the New Jerusalem he will have a tree
of life on each side of the river. In order for the people of the world
that live outside the city, for them to be able to get to the tree of
life they will have to do the Lord’s commandments. In Revelation
22 it says,
“14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they
may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates
into the city.
15 For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers,
and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.”
If they do not do the Lord’s commandments, they will not be allowed
inside the gates of the New Jerusalem to get to the tree of life. If
they cannot partake of the tree of life, they will eventually die. Death
and hell have already been cast into the lake of fire, so when they
die they will go straight to the lake of fire.
This is not salvation by grace through faith. This is not being partakers
with Israel in their new covenant. These people that live outside the
city, and if they do not do the Lord’s commandments, he WILL remember
their sin. They will not have eternal life. Their eternal life is based
upon partaking of the tree of life which is based upon doing the commandments
of the Lord.
So what we have here is a clear understanding that the salvation that
was offered to Israel is not the same salvation that is offered to the
people outside of the New Jerusalem.
Israel’s salvation in their everlasting new covenant will be based
upon grace and not remembering their sin anymore. The salvation of the
people outside of the New Jerusalem will be based upon them having right
to the tree of life based upon them doing the commandments of the Lord.
These are not the same. Let’s look at this
During this dispensation of grace that we are living in God has done
something very special for us. We have been made partakers of Israel’s
spiritual things by the one new man (the body of Christ). It is very
unique, and we should be very, very thankful.
So what we have covered here is what the new covenant really is, who
it was given to, and when it will come into effect. We have also seen
that the grace that will be given to Israel at the new covenant will
not be given to the uncircumcised Gentiles.
In Genesis 17 God separated man into two distinct entities, circumcision
and uncircumcision. He said that this covenant would be in their flesh
and that this would be an everlasting covenant and he meant it. He made
covenants with the circumcision, not the uncircumcision. The uncircumcision
were strangers from the covenants of promise.
Only through the one new man has God joined circumcision and uncircumcision
into one body.
For more detailed information about the new covenant church,
check out this article.